Overview

Overview

Included in the audited Non-Financial Report*

* Starting with the fiscal year 2017, Linde will publish key non-financial indicators and qualitative information on sustainability in a separate “non-financial report” (part of the annual report). Until 2016, the majority of the key figures contained in the non-financial report, as well as additional key figures from this overview table, were included in the management report of Linde’s annual report. For details, please see the key figure overview from the CR Report 2016.

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Financials, Compliance and Innovation1

Financial indicators

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

1

In line with the information in the Financial Report 2017, the figures provided for the years 2015, 2016 and 2017 exclude the business of the logistics service provider Gist, as it has been reported as a discontinued operation.

2

The share price-related information for the 2017 financial year is based on the shares in Linde that were submitted for exchange (ISIN DE000A2E4L75), which have been listed since 15 August 2017.

3

EBIT (before non-recurring items) adjusted for amortisation of intangible assets and depreciation of tangible assets.

4

Severe traffic incidents, e.g. with serious effects on the health of the employees involved or with reportable emissions to the environment, as well as transport incidents leading to material costs above a defined threshold. The performance indicator was redefined in 2015. The new definition includes not only preventable transport incidents but also incidents previously classified as non-preventable. The figure has been recalculated for previous years.

5

Examples of other energy sources are heating oil, biofuel energy, propane, butane, thermal energy and diesel fuel. From 2015, this figure also includes diesel consumption by Linde’s transport contractors. The 2014 figure has been recalculated.

6

Water consumption relates to drinking water and industrial water used. Once-through water is drawn from a natural or other sources, solely warmed and ultimately piped back to the original source at a temperature not posing any risk to the surrounding ecosystem.

7

From 2015, this figure also includes greenhouse gas emissions generated by Linde’s transport contractors. The 2014 figure has been recalculated.

8

This includes greenhouse gases specified in the Kyoto Protocol: methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (laughing gas, N2O), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) and nitrogen trifluoride (NF3). In 2014, Linde has refined the determination method of the indicator for these GHGs to include additional emitters and emission sources. The reported figure for 2013 was recalculated based on this new method.

9

In order to calculate our indirect CO2 emissions we are using site specific factors from the energy provider if available. Wherever such factors are not available we use factors from the International Energy Agency from 2011.

10

Since 2014, we also include the Radiative Forcing Index (RFI) to calculate emissions from business travel. Thereby, we take into account the higher impact of air travel on the greenhouse effect. Emissions for the year 2013 have been re-calculated accordingly.

11

In 2014, Linde has refined the determination method for emissions to the air. Where available, measurements were used for the new methodology. For production sites for which no measurements were available, we estimated the figures. Where possible, the reported figures for 2013 were recalculated based on these new methods. The determination method for VOC emissions could not be applied retroactively. Therefore, the values for this indicator are not comparable for the years 2013 and 2014.

12

The determination method for ammonia was revised during 2015. Reported ammonia emissions include uncontrolled releases to the atmosphere and since 2015 have been extended to include controlled releases to abatement systems at certain sites. The figure for 2014 has been adjusted accordingly.

13

In 2015, we have further improved the determination method for emissions to water (COD, BOD, nitrates, phosphates) applying measurement and extrapolation models. Although there are inherent limitations by applying this methodology, full measurement of these emissions by all Linde sites is considered economically not viable. The reported figures of the water emission indicators of the Linde Group therefore serve as an approximation. The figures for 2014 have been re-calculated accordingly.

14

The amount of waste for single sites depends on the different type of business and is partly based on proven estimation methods. Due to the change of estimate for one specific business area the numbers for waste for 2016 have been adjusted for better comparability with 2017 figures.

15

Incineration waste is partly used for heat recovery.

16

Starting with 2017 the calculation of part-time ratio is based on the portion of actual employees working part-time compared to the total staff. Before that the calculation was based on full-time equivalents. The 2016 number has been revised as well for better comparability. Generally, all other employee ratios are based on full-time equivalents, if not stated differently.

17

Staff turnover rate relates to employees who left the Group voluntarily during the period under review.

Share2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Closing price

 

194.65

 

156.10

 

133.90

 

154.20

 

152.05

Year high

 

197.00

 

163.55

 

193.85

 

157.30

 

153.90

Year low

 

155.50

 

115.85

 

128.05

 

139.15

 

128.60

Market capitalisation (at year-end closing price)

€ million

 

36,134

 

28,978

 

24,857

 

28,625

 

28,219

No. of shares (at 31 December)

000s

 

185,638

 

185,638

 

185,638

 

185,638

 

185,588

Cash dividend per share

 

7.00

 

3.70

 

3.45

 

3.15

 

3.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

€ million

 

17,113

 

16,948

 

17,345

 

17,047

 

16,655

In Germany

%

 

7.4

 

7.2

 

7.5

 

7.4

 

7.9

Outside Germany

%

 

92.6

 

92.8

 

92.5

 

92.6

 

92.1

Operating profit3

€ million

 

4,213

 

4,098

 

4,087

 

3,920

 

3,966

Operating margin

%

 

24.6

 

24.2

 

23.6

 

23.0

 

23.8

EBIT

€ million

 

1,944

 

2,075

 

2,029

 

1,885

 

2,171

Profit for the year – attributable for Linde AG shareholders

€ million

 

1,404

 

1,206

 

1,133

 

1,162

 

1,430

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditure (excluding financial assets)

€ million

 

1,766

 

2,004

 

2,036

 

1,954

 

2,268

Equity ratio

%

 

44.9

 

44.0

 

43.7

 

41.4

 

41.5

Return on capital employed (ROCE)

%

 

10.2

 

9.4

 

9.5

 

9.5

 

9.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Personnel expenses

€ billion

 

Lagebericht 2014 3,780

 

Lagebericht 2014 3,724

 

3,829

 

3,536

 

3,423

Personnel expenses (per employee)

€ 1,000

 

65.6

 

62.4

 

64.1

 

53.9

 

53.9

Pension costs

€ million

 

Lagebericht 2014 291

 

Lagebericht 2014 293

 

278

 

293

 

281

Donations

€ million

 

Geprüft von KPMG 2.1

 

2.7

 

2.4

 

2.8

 

2.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gases Division

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

€ million

 

14,988

 

14,892

 

15,168

 

13,982

 

13,971

Operating profit3

€ million

 

4,268

 

4,210

 

4,151

 

3,835

 

3,846

Operating margin

%

 

28.5

 

28.3

 

27.4

 

27.4

 

27.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Engineering Division

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

€ million

 

2,388

 

2,351

 

2,594

 

3,074

 

2,879

Operating profit3

€ million

 

220

 

196

 

216

 

300

 

319

Operating margin

%

 

9.2

 

8.3

 

8.3

 

9.8

 

11.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compliance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Contacts Integrity Line

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 351

 

Lagebericht 2014 348

 

300

 

734

 

393

Investigations as a result of reports to the Integrity Line

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 94

 

Lagebericht 2014 106

 

140

 

127

 

88

of which referring to personnel topics

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 32.1

 

Lagebericht 2014 30.1

 

25.7

 

26.8

 

36.4

of which referring to potential offences against property

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 24.1

 

Lagebericht 2014 30.7

 

26.4

 

32.3

 

33.0

of which referring to potential discrimination

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 1.2

 

Lagebericht 2014 1.3

 

2.8

 

1.6

 

2.3

of which referring to potential conflicts of interest

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 16.7

 

Lagebericht 2014 15.0

 

13.6

 

9.4

 

12.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Innovation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Expenditure for research and development

€ million

 

Lagebericht 2014 112

 

Lagebericht 2014 121

 

131

 

106

 

92

Employees in the research and development field

 

 

350

 

345

 

348

 

390

 

367

New patents filed

 

 

232

 

360

 

287

 

260

 

263

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Safety1

Audits and certifications for occupational health and safety

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Production sites where occupational health and safety audits have been conducted

%

 

51.5

 

48.9

 

51.7

 

57.4

 

58.1

Number of conducted occupational health and safety audits

 

 

714

 

706

 

687

 

749

 

790

Production sites certified to OHSAS 18001Geprüft von KPMG

%

 

16.8

 

17.1

 

16.5

 

15.7

 

17.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Occupational health and safety

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Workplace accidents of employees with at least one day of absenceGeprüft von KPMG

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 297

 

Lagebericht 2014 269

 

358

 

318

 

304

Workplace accidents of contractors with at least one day of absenceGeprüft von KPMG

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 122

 

Lagebericht 2014 131

 

151

 

140

 

150

Workplace accidents with at least one day of absence (employees)Geprüft von KPMG

per million hours worked

 

Lagebericht 2014 2.4

 

Lagebericht 2014 2.2

 

2.9

 

2.4

 

2.3

Workplace accidents with at least one day of absence (contractors)

per million hours worked

 

2.3

 

2.2

 

2.2

 

1.8

 

1.7

Fatal workplace accidents involving employeesGeprüft von KPMG

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 1

 

Lagebericht 2014 1

 

2

 

2

 

4

Fatal workplace accidents involving contractorsGeprüft von KPMG

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 2

 

Lagebericht 2014 1

 

1

 

3

 

6

Sick days

per employee

 

5.9

 

5.4

 

5.6

 

5.3

 

4.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transport

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Distance driven by Linde’s transport fleet and its contractorsGeprüft von KPMG

million km

 

874

 

878

 

857

 

975

 

963

Serious transport incidents involving trucks4Geprüft von KPMG

per 1 million km

 

0.109

 

0.105

 

0.115

 

0.104

 

0.139

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Environment1

Audits and certifications for environmental and quality management

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Production sites certified to ISO 9001Geprüft von KPMG

%

 

66.6

 

63.0

 

67.1

 

72.1

 

77.9

Production sites certified to ISO 14001Geprüft von KPMG

%

 

33.7

 

31.7

 

31.7

 

30.5

 

31.8

Production sites where environmental audits have been conducted

%

 

48.2

 

46.0

 

42.6

 

50.0

 

51.8

Number of conducted environmental audits

 

 

642

 

629

 

586

 

639

 

657

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Resources consumed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Energy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Electricity consumptionGeprüft von KPMG

million MWh

 

Lagebericht 2014 28.9

 

Lagebericht 2014 27.5

 

26.8

 

26.2

 

23.4

of which by air separation plantsGeprüft von KPMG

million MWh

 

Lagebericht 2014 26.3

 

Lagebericht 2014 24.8

 

23.9

 

23.5

 

20.7

Natural gas consumptionGeprüft von KPMG

million MWh

 

Lagebericht 2014 45.1

 

Lagebericht 2014 39.4

 

39.5

 

39.5

 

36.4

of which by HyCO plantsGeprüft von KPMG

million MWh

 

Lagebericht 2014 33.8

 

Lagebericht 2014 29.3

 

25.4

 

24.9

 

23.0

Consumption of other energy sources5Geprüft von KPMG

million MWh

 

Lagebericht 2014 11.7

 

Lagebericht 2014 12.8

 

12.1

 

12.2

 

14.8

Total energy consumptionGeprüft von KPMG

million MWh

 

Lagebericht 2014 85.7

 

Lagebericht 2014 79.7

 

78.4

 

77.9

 

74.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Water

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Water useGeprüft von KPMG

million m3

 

Lagebericht 2014 811

 

Lagebericht 2014 716

 

681

 

682

 

681

of which ground and surface waterGeprüft von KPMG

%

 

98.8

 

98.7

 

98.6

 

98.5

 

98.6

of which drinking waterGeprüft von KPMG

%

 

1.2

 

1.3

 

1.4

 

1.5

 

1.4

Total water consumption6Geprüft von KPMG

million m3

 

Lagebericht 2014 56.4

 

Lagebericht 2014 54.8

 

52.6

 

50.7

 

44.5

of which industrial and process waterGeprüft von KPMG

million m3

 

46.5

 

45.3

 

42.8

 

40.8

 

34.8

of which drinking waterGeprüft von KPMG

million m3

 

9.9

 

9.5

 

9.8

 

9.9

 

9.7

Waste waterGeprüft von KPMG

million m3

 

Lagebericht 2014 13.6

 

Lagebericht 2014 13.1

 

13.8

 

13.2

 

13.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Resources and materials

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raw materials and suppliesGeprüft von KPMG

t

 

57,851

 

55,590

 

54,170

 

52,770

 

57,750

Packaging materialsGeprüft von KPMG

t

 

4,835

 

3,510

 

3,160

 

5,580

 

3,990

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emissions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Direct greenhouse gas emissions (Scope 1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CO2 emissionsGeprüft von KPMG

million t

 

Lagebericht 2014 8.3

 

Lagebericht 2014 7.0

 

7.1

 

7.3

 

7.2

of which by HyCO plantsGeprüft von KPMG

million t

 

Lagebericht 2014 5.7

 

Lagebericht 2014 4.7

 

4.0

 

4.0

 

4.2

Linde transport fleet7Geprüft von KPMG

million t CO2e

 

Lagebericht 2014 0.76

 

Lagebericht 2014 0.80

 

0.78

 

0.88

 

0.49

Other greenhouse gases8Geprüft von KPMG

million t CO2e

 

Lagebericht 2014 1.9

 

Lagebericht 2014 1.8

 

1.7

 

1.5

 

1.5

TotalGeprüft von KPMG

million t CO2e

 

Lagebericht 2014 11.0

 

Lagebericht 2014 9.6

 

9.6

 

9.7

 

9.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indirect greenhouse gas emissions (Scope 2)9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CO2 emissionsGeprüft von KPMG

million t

 

Lagebericht 2014 17.4

 

Lagebericht 2014 16.2

 

15.4

 

15.0

 

13.0

of which by air separation plantsGeprüft von KPMG

million t

 

Lagebericht 2014 15.9

 

Lagebericht 2014 14.7

 

13.7

 

13.5

 

11.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Scope 1 and 2 emissionsGeprüft von KPMG

million t CO2e

 

Lagebericht 2014 28.4

 

Lagebericht 2014 25.8

 

25.0

 

24.7

 

22.2

Emissions per million EUR sales

t CO2e

 

1,657

 

1,522

 

1,440

 

1,449

 

1,333

Emissions per Linde employee

t CO2e

 

492

 

432

 

418

 

377

 

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other indirect greenhouse gas emissions (Scope 3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Business travel10Geprüft von KPMG

thousand t CO2e

 

53.0

 

58.7

 

68.5

 

72.9

 

81.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emissions to air11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VOC (volatile organic compounds)Geprüft von KPMG

t

 

535

 

531

 

598

 

657

 

92

NH3 (ammonia)12Geprüft von KPMG

t

 

37

 

45

 

73

 

165

 

12

CO (carbon monoxide)Geprüft von KPMG

t

 

2,679

 

2,634

 

3,213

 

3,325

 

2,177

NOx (nitrogen oxides)Geprüft von KPMG

t

 

5,065

 

4,879

 

6,443

 

6,762

 

6,273

SOx (sulphur oxides)Geprüft von KPMG

t

 

580

 

685

 

708

 

447

 

122

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emissions to water13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chemical oxygen demand (COD)Geprüft von KPMG

t

 

1,541

 

1,561

 

1,425

 

1,585

 

2,157

Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)Geprüft von KPMG

t

 

518

 

511

 

496

 

544

 

163

NitratesGeprüft von KPMG

t

 

357

 

339

 

335

 

295

 

89

PhosphatesGeprüft von KPMG

t

 

41

 

45

 

47

 

39

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Waste and recycling

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

201614

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Total wasteGeprüft von KPMG

thousand t

 

Lagebericht 2014 67.8

 

Lagebericht 2014 70.5

 

66.1

 

94.1

 

124.9

Non-hazardous wasteGeprüft von KPMG

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 69

 

Lagebericht 2014 67

 

66

 

76

 

76

Hazardous wasteGeprüft von KPMG

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 31

 

Lagebericht 2014 33

 

34

 

24

 

24

Recycled wasteGeprüft von KPMG

%

 

33

 

30

 

39

 

56

 

65

Incineration waste15Geprüft von KPMG

%

 

24

 

24

 

21

 

15

 

14

Landfill wasteGeprüft von KPMG

%

 

22

 

19

 

22

 

19

 

10

Other disposal methodsGeprüft von KPMG

%

 

21

 

27

 

18

 

10

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Environmental incidents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Environmental complaints

 

 

9

 

22

 

14

 

25

 

24

Reportable environmental incidents

 

 

6

 

19

 

13

 

21

 

25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employees1

Employment structure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Group

as of Dec. 31

 

Lagebericht 2014 57,605

 

Lagebericht 2014 59,715

 

59,774

 

65,591

 

63,487

Gases Division

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 51,138

 

Lagebericht 2014 52,907

 

52,395

 

53,436

 

51,536

EMEA

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 19,556

 

Lagebericht 2014 20,309

 

21,067

 

21,779

 

21,544

Asia/Pacific

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 11,147

 

Lagebericht 2014 11,343

 

11,533

 

12,175

 

12,122

Americas

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 20,435

 

Lagebericht 2014 21,255

 

19,795

 

19,482

 

17,870

Engineering Division

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 6,144

 

Lagebericht 2014 6,432

 

7,038

 

7,330

 

6,997

Other activities

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 323

 

Lagebericht 2014 376

 

341

 

4,825

 

4,954

Employees in production

 

 

20,408

 

20,466

 

21,194

 

21,684

 

20,200

Employees in sales, marketing and distribution

 

 

26,787

 

27,293

 

27,021

 

31,851

 

31,778

Employees in research and development

 

 

350

 

345

 

348

 

390

 

367

Employees in administration

 

 

10,060

 

11,611

 

11,211

 

11,666

 

11,141

Part-time employees16

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 3.4

 

Lagebericht 2014 3.6

 

1.7

 

2.1

 

1.9

Employees in Germany

 

 

7,474

 

7,842

 

8,014

 

8,090

 

7,822

Temporary staff

%

 

5.6

 

8.4

 

8.8

 

8.6

 

6.2

Employees on parental leave (Germany, as at Dec 31)

 

 

478

 

454

 

434

 

369

 

344

Staff covered by collective wage agreements

%

 

43.2

 

42.3

 

41.2

 

46.5

 

45.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employee retention and benefits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of new hires

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 7,925

 

Lagebericht 2014 9,513

 

10,290

 

12,049

 

8,955

thereof women

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 46.0

 

Lagebericht 2014 50.5

 

49.2

 

46.2

 

41.6

Overall turnover rate

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 20.3

 

Lagebericht 2014 20.8

 

18.4

 

 

Staff turnover rate17

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 12.3

 

Lagebericht 2014 12.1

 

10.7

 

10.0

 

9.4

Average length of service

years

 

9.2

 

9.1

 

9.1

 

8.4

 

8.9

Retired employees receiving pensions from Linde

 

 

25,566

 

28,722

 

29,116

 

30,941

 

31,006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diversity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Staff up to 30 years old

%

 

16.1

 

17.1

 

17.5

 

18.4

 

18.2

Staff between 31 and 50 years old

%

 

58.1

 

57.9

 

58.3

 

57.5

 

58.0

Staff over 50 years old

%

 

25.8

 

25.0

 

24.2

 

24.1

 

23.8

Nationalities of employees in Germany

 

 

65

 

67

 

64

 

65

 

65

Non-German nationalities among senior managers

%

 

67.8

 

67.5

 

67.3

 

71.0

 

72.9

Proportion of female employees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in total workforce

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 32.5

 

Lagebericht 2014 32.5

 

30.7

 

28.7

 

27.3

in Germany

%

 

23.5

 

23.8

 

25.4

 

25.4

 

25.9

in senior management positions

%

 

15.2

 

16.2

 

14.5

 

13.9

 

13.2

in the Executive Board

%

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

in the Supervisory Board

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 25.0

 

Lagebericht 2014 25.0

 

25.0

 

16.6

 

16.6

Severely disabled employees (Germany)

%

 

3.6

 

3.4

 

3.6

 

3.4

 

3.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employee training

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Employees who attended training opportunities 

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 40.6

 

Lagebericht 2014 38.2

 

61.0

 

66.2

 

60.3

Average training days per participant

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 4.3

 

Lagebericht 2014 3.7

 

2.9

 

3.1

 

3.0

Average expenditure on training programmes per participant

 

Lagebericht 2014 328

 

Lagebericht 2014 372

 

369

 

350

 

341

Apprentices and trainees in total workforce

%

 

1.0

 

0.8

 

0.9

 

0.9

 

0.9

Apprentices and trainees in Germany

%

 

3.7

 

3.4

 

3.0

 

3.2

 

3.1

1

In line with the information in the Financial Report 2017, the figures provided for the years 2015, 2016 and 2017 exclude the business of the logistics service provider Gist, as it has been reported as a discontinued operation.

2

The share price-related information for the 2017 financial year is based on the shares in Linde that were submitted for exchange (ISIN DE000A2E4L75), which have been listed since 15 August 2017.

3

EBIT (before non-recurring items) adjusted for amortisation of intangible assets and depreciation of tangible assets.

4

Severe traffic incidents, e.g. with serious effects on the health of the employees involved or with reportable emissions to the environment, as well as transport incidents leading to material costs above a defined threshold. The performance indicator was redefined in 2015. The new definition includes not only preventable transport incidents but also incidents previously classified as non-preventable. The figure has been recalculated for previous years.

5

Examples of other energy sources are heating oil, biofuel energy, propane, butane, thermal energy and diesel fuel. From 2015, this figure also includes diesel consumption by Linde’s transport contractors. The 2014 figure has been recalculated.

6

Water consumption relates to drinking water and industrial water used. Once-through water is drawn from a natural or other sources, solely warmed and ultimately piped back to the original source at a temperature not posing any risk to the surrounding ecosystem.

7

From 2015, this figure also includes greenhouse gas emissions generated by Linde’s transport contractors. The 2014 figure has been recalculated.

8

This includes greenhouse gases specified in the Kyoto Protocol: methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (laughing gas, N2O), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) and nitrogen trifluoride (NF3). In 2014, Linde has refined the determination method of the indicator for these GHGs to include additional emitters and emission sources. The reported figure for 2013 was recalculated based on this new method.

9

In order to calculate our indirect CO2 emissions we are using site specific factors from the energy provider if available. Wherever such factors are not available we use factors from the International Energy Agency from 2011.

10

Since 2014, we also include the Radiative Forcing Index (RFI) to calculate emissions from business travel. Thereby, we take into account the higher impact of air travel on the greenhouse effect. Emissions for the year 2013 have been re-calculated accordingly.

11

In 2014, Linde has refined the determination method for emissions to the air. Where available, measurements were used for the new methodology. For production sites for which no measurements were available, we estimated the figures. Where possible, the reported figures for 2013 were recalculated based on these new methods. The determination method for VOC emissions could not be applied retroactively. Therefore, the values for this indicator are not comparable for the years 2013 and 2014.

12

The determination method for ammonia was revised during 2015. Reported ammonia emissions include uncontrolled releases to the atmosphere and since 2015 have been extended to include controlled releases to abatement systems at certain sites. The figure for 2014 has been adjusted accordingly.

13

In 2015, we have further improved the determination method for emissions to water (COD, BOD, nitrates, phosphates) applying measurement and extrapolation models. Although there are inherent limitations by applying this methodology, full measurement of these emissions by all Linde sites is considered economically not viable. The reported figures of the water emission indicators of the Linde Group therefore serve as an approximation. The figures for 2014 have been re-calculated accordingly.

14

The amount of waste for single sites depends on the different type of business and is partly based on proven estimation methods. Due to the change of estimate for one specific business area the numbers for waste for 2016 have been adjusted for better comparability with 2017 figures.

15

Incineration waste is partly used for heat recovery.

16

Starting with 2017 the calculation of part-time ratio is based on the portion of actual employees working part-time compared to the total staff. Before that the calculation was based on full-time equivalents. The 2016 number has been revised as well for better comparability. Generally, all other employee ratios are based on full-time equivalents, if not stated differently.

17

Staff turnover rate relates to employees who left the Group voluntarily during the period under review.

Financials, Compliance and Innovation1

Financial indicators

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Share2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Closing price

 

194.65

 

156.10

 

133.90

 

154.20

 

152.05

Year high

 

197.00

 

163.55

 

193.85

 

157.30

 

153.90

Year low

 

155.50

 

115.85

 

128.05

 

139.15

 

128.60

Market capitalisation (at year-end closing price)

€ million

 

36,134

 

28,978

 

24,857

 

28,625

 

28,219

No. of shares (at 31 December)

000s

 

185,638

 

185,638

 

185,638

 

185,638

 

185,588

Cash dividend per share

 

7.00

 

3.70

 

3.45

 

3.15

 

3.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Group

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

€ million

 

17,113

 

16,948

 

17,345

 

17,047

 

16,655

In Germany

%

 

7.4

 

7.2

 

7.5

 

7.4

 

7.9

Outside Germany

%

 

92.6

 

92.8

 

92.5

 

92.6

 

92.1

Operating profit3

€ million

 

4,213

 

4,098

 

4,087

 

3,920

 

3,966

Operating margin

%

 

24.6

 

24.2

 

23.6

 

23.0

 

23.8

EBIT

€ million

 

1,944

 

2,075

 

2,029

 

1,885

 

2,171

Profit for the year – attributable for Linde AG shareholders

€ million

 

1,404

 

1,206

 

1,133

 

1,162

 

1,430

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Capital expenditure (excluding financial assets)

€ million

 

1,766

 

2,004

 

2,036

 

1,954

 

2,268

Equity ratio

%

 

44.9

 

44.0

 

43.7

 

41.4

 

41.5

Return on capital employed (ROCE)

%

 

10.2

 

9.4

 

9.5

 

9.5

 

9.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Personnel expenses

€ billion

 

Lagebericht 2014 3,780

 

Lagebericht 2014 3,724

 

3,829

 

3,536

 

3,423

Personnel expenses (per employee)

€ 1,000

 

65.6

 

62.4

 

64.1

 

53.9

 

53.9

Pension costs

€ million

 

Lagebericht 2014 291

 

Lagebericht 2014 293

 

278

 

293

 

281

Donations

€ million

 

Geprüft von KPMG 2.1

 

2.7

 

2.4

 

2.8

 

2.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Gases Division

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

€ million

 

14,988

 

14,892

 

15,168

 

13,982

 

13,971

Operating profit3

€ million

 

4,268

 

4,210

 

4,151

 

3,835

 

3,846

Operating margin

%

 

28.5

 

28.3

 

27.4

 

27.4

 

27.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Engineering Division

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue

€ million

 

2,388

 

2,351

 

2,594

 

3,074

 

2,879

Operating profit3

€ million

 

220

 

196

 

216

 

300

 

319

Operating margin

%

 

9.2

 

8.3

 

8.3

 

9.8

 

11.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compliance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Contacts Integrity Line

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 351

 

Lagebericht 2014 348

 

300

 

734

 

393

Investigations as a result of reports to the Integrity Line

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 94

 

Lagebericht 2014 106

 

140

 

127

 

88

of which referring to personnel topics

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 32.1

 

Lagebericht 2014 30.1

 

25.7

 

26.8

 

36.4

of which referring to potential offences against property

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 24.1

 

Lagebericht 2014 30.7

 

26.4

 

32.3

 

33.0

of which referring to potential discrimination

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 1.2

 

Lagebericht 2014 1.3

 

2.8

 

1.6

 

2.3

of which referring to potential conflicts of interest

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 16.7

 

Lagebericht 2014 15.0

 

13.6

 

9.4

 

12.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Innovation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Expenditure for research and development

€ million

 

Lagebericht 2014 112

 

Lagebericht 2014 121

 

131

 

106

 

92

Employees in the research and development field

 

 

350

 

345

 

348

 

390

 

367

New patents filed

 

 

232

 

360

 

287

 

260

 

263

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Safety1

Audits and certifications for occupational health and safety

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Production sites where occupational health and safety audits have been conducted

%

 

51.5

 

48.9

 

51.7

 

57.4

 

58.1

Number of conducted occupational health and safety audits

 

 

714

 

706

 

687

 

749

 

790

Production sites certified to OHSAS 18001Geprüft von KPMG

%

 

16.8

 

17.1

 

16.5

 

15.7

 

17.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Occupational health and safety

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Workplace accidents of employees with at least one day of absenceGeprüft von KPMG

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 297

 

Lagebericht 2014 269

 

358

 

318

 

304

Workplace accidents of contractors with at least one day of absenceGeprüft von KPMG

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 122

 

Lagebericht 2014 131

 

151

 

140

 

150

Workplace accidents with at least one day of absence (employees)Geprüft von KPMG

per million hours worked

 

Lagebericht 2014 2.4

 

Lagebericht 2014 2.2

 

2.9

 

2.4

 

2.3

Workplace accidents with at least one day of absence (contractors)

per million hours worked

 

2.3

 

2.2

 

2.2

 

1.8

 

1.7

Fatal workplace accidents involving employeesGeprüft von KPMG

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 1

 

Lagebericht 2014 1

 

2

 

2

 

4

Fatal workplace accidents involving contractorsGeprüft von KPMG

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 2

 

Lagebericht 2014 1

 

1

 

3

 

6

Sick days

per employee

 

5.9

 

5.4

 

5.6

 

5.3

 

4.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transport

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Distance driven by Linde’s transport fleet and its contractorsGeprüft von KPMG

million km

 

874

 

878

 

857

 

975

 

963

Serious transport incidents involving trucks4Geprüft von KPMG

per 1 million km

 

0.109

 

0.105

 

0.115

 

0.104

 

0.139

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Environment1

Audits and certifications for environmental and quality management

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Production sites certified to ISO 9001Geprüft von KPMG

%

 

66.6

 

63.0

 

67.1

 

72.1

 

77.9

Production sites certified to ISO 14001Geprüft von KPMG

%

 

33.7

 

31.7

 

31.7

 

30.5

 

31.8

Production sites where environmental audits have been conducted

%

 

48.2

 

46.0

 

42.6

 

50.0

 

51.8

Number of conducted environmental audits

 

 

642

 

629

 

586

 

639

 

657

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Resources consumed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Energy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Electricity consumptionGeprüft von KPMG

million MWh

 

Lagebericht 2014 28.9

 

Lagebericht 2014 27.5

 

26.8

 

26.2

 

23.4

of which by air separation plantsGeprüft von KPMG

million MWh

 

Lagebericht 2014 26.3

 

Lagebericht 2014 24.8

 

23.9

 

23.5

 

20.7

Natural gas consumptionGeprüft von KPMG

million MWh

 

Lagebericht 2014 45.1

 

Lagebericht 2014 39.4

 

39.5

 

39.5

 

36.4

of which by HyCO plantsGeprüft von KPMG

million MWh

 

Lagebericht 2014 33.8

 

Lagebericht 2014 29.3

 

25.4

 

24.9

 

23.0

Consumption of other energy sources5Geprüft von KPMG

million MWh

 

Lagebericht 2014 11.7

 

Lagebericht 2014 12.8

 

12.1

 

12.2

 

14.8

Total energy consumptionGeprüft von KPMG

million MWh

 

Lagebericht 2014 85.7

 

Lagebericht 2014 79.7

 

78.4

 

77.9

 

74.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Water

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Water useGeprüft von KPMG

million m3

 

Lagebericht 2014 811

 

Lagebericht 2014 716

 

681

 

682

 

681

of which ground and surface waterGeprüft von KPMG

%

 

98.8

 

98.7

 

98.6

 

98.5

 

98.6

of which drinking waterGeprüft von KPMG

%

 

1.2

 

1.3

 

1.4

 

1.5

 

1.4

Total water consumption6Geprüft von KPMG

million m3

 

Lagebericht 2014 56.4

 

Lagebericht 2014 54.8

 

52.6

 

50.7

 

44.5

of which industrial and process waterGeprüft von KPMG

million m3

 

46.5

 

45.3

 

42.8

 

40.8

 

34.8

of which drinking waterGeprüft von KPMG

million m3

 

9.9

 

9.5

 

9.8

 

9.9

 

9.7

Waste waterGeprüft von KPMG

million m3

 

Lagebericht 2014 13.6

 

Lagebericht 2014 13.1

 

13.8

 

13.2

 

13.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Resources and materials

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raw materials and suppliesGeprüft von KPMG

t

 

57,851

 

55,590

 

54,170

 

52,770

 

57,750

Packaging materialsGeprüft von KPMG

t

 

4,835

 

3,510

 

3,160

 

5,580

 

3,990

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emissions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Direct greenhouse gas emissions (Scope 1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CO2 emissionsGeprüft von KPMG

million t

 

Lagebericht 2014 8.3

 

Lagebericht 2014 7.0

 

7.1

 

7.3

 

7.2

of which by HyCO plantsGeprüft von KPMG

million t

 

Lagebericht 2014 5.7

 

Lagebericht 2014 4.7

 

4.0

 

4.0

 

4.2

Linde transport fleet7Geprüft von KPMG

million t CO2e

 

Lagebericht 2014 0.76

 

Lagebericht 2014 0.80

 

0.78

 

0.88

 

0.49

Other greenhouse gases8Geprüft von KPMG

million t CO2e

 

Lagebericht 2014 1.9

 

Lagebericht 2014 1.8

 

1.7

 

1.5

 

1.5

TotalGeprüft von KPMG

million t CO2e

 

Lagebericht 2014 11.0

 

Lagebericht 2014 9.6

 

9.6

 

9.7

 

9.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indirect greenhouse gas emissions (Scope 2)9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CO2 emissionsGeprüft von KPMG

million t

 

Lagebericht 2014 17.4

 

Lagebericht 2014 16.2

 

15.4

 

15.0

 

13.0

of which by air separation plantsGeprüft von KPMG

million t

 

Lagebericht 2014 15.9

 

Lagebericht 2014 14.7

 

13.7

 

13.5

 

11.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total Scope 1 and 2 emissionsGeprüft von KPMG

million t CO2e

 

Lagebericht 2014 28.4

 

Lagebericht 2014 25.8

 

25.0

 

24.7

 

22.2

Emissions per million EUR sales

t CO2e

 

1,657

 

1,522

 

1,440

 

1,449

 

1,333

Emissions per Linde employee

t CO2e

 

492

 

432

 

418

 

377

 

350

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other indirect greenhouse gas emissions (Scope 3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Business travel10Geprüft von KPMG

thousand t CO2e

 

53.0

 

58.7

 

68.5

 

72.9

 

81.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emissions to air11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VOC (volatile organic compounds)Geprüft von KPMG

t

 

535

 

531

 

598

 

657

 

92

NH3 (ammonia)12Geprüft von KPMG

t

 

37

 

45

 

73

 

165

 

12

CO (carbon monoxide)Geprüft von KPMG

t

 

2,679

 

2,634

 

3,213

 

3,325

 

2,177

NOx (nitrogen oxides)Geprüft von KPMG

t

 

5,065

 

4,879

 

6,443

 

6,762

 

6,273

SOx (sulphur oxides)Geprüft von KPMG

t

 

580

 

685

 

708

 

447

 

122

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emissions to water13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chemical oxygen demand (COD)Geprüft von KPMG

t

 

1,541

 

1,561

 

1,425

 

1,585

 

2,157

Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)Geprüft von KPMG

t

 

518

 

511

 

496

 

544

 

163

NitratesGeprüft von KPMG

t

 

357

 

339

 

335

 

295

 

89

PhosphatesGeprüft von KPMG

t

 

41

 

45

 

47

 

39

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Waste and recycling

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

201614

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Total wasteGeprüft von KPMG

thousand t

 

Lagebericht 2014 67.8

 

Lagebericht 2014 70.5

 

66.1

 

94.1

 

124.9

Non-hazardous wasteGeprüft von KPMG

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 69

 

Lagebericht 2014 67

 

66

 

76

 

76

Hazardous wasteGeprüft von KPMG

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 31

 

Lagebericht 2014 33

 

34

 

24

 

24

Recycled wasteGeprüft von KPMG

%

 

33

 

30

 

39

 

56

 

65

Incineration waste15Geprüft von KPMG

%

 

24

 

24

 

21

 

15

 

14

Landfill wasteGeprüft von KPMG

%

 

22

 

19

 

22

 

19

 

10

Other disposal methodsGeprüft von KPMG

%

 

21

 

27

 

18

 

10

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Environmental incidents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Environmental complaints

 

 

9

 

22

 

14

 

25

 

24

Reportable environmental incidents

 

 

6

 

19

 

13

 

21

 

25

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employees1

Employment structure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Group

as of Dec. 31

 

Lagebericht 2014 57,605

 

Lagebericht 2014 59,715

 

59,774

 

65,591

 

63,487

Gases Division

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 51,138

 

Lagebericht 2014 52,907

 

52,395

 

53,436

 

51,536

EMEA

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 19,556

 

Lagebericht 2014 20,309

 

21,067

 

21,779

 

21,544

Asia/Pacific

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 11,147

 

Lagebericht 2014 11,343

 

11,533

 

12,175

 

12,122

Americas

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 20,435

 

Lagebericht 2014 21,255

 

19,795

 

19,482

 

17,870

Engineering Division

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 6,144

 

Lagebericht 2014 6,432

 

7,038

 

7,330

 

6,997

Other activities

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 323

 

Lagebericht 2014 376

 

341

 

4,825

 

4,954

Employees in production

 

 

20,408

 

20,466

 

21,194

 

21,684

 

20,200

Employees in sales, marketing and distribution

 

 

26,787

 

27,293

 

27,021

 

31,851

 

31,778

Employees in research and development

 

 

350

 

345

 

348

 

390

 

367

Employees in administration

 

 

10,060

 

11,611

 

11,211

 

11,666

 

11,141

Part-time employees16

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 3.4

 

Lagebericht 2014 3.6

 

1.7

 

2.1

 

1.9

Employees in Germany

 

 

7,474

 

7,842

 

8,014

 

8,090

 

7,822

Temporary staff

%

 

5.6

 

8.4

 

8.8

 

8.6

 

6.2

Employees on parental leave (Germany, as at Dec 31)

 

 

478

 

454

 

434

 

369

 

344

Staff covered by collective wage agreements

%

 

43.2

 

42.3

 

41.2

 

46.5

 

45.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Employee retention and benefits

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of new hires

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 7,925

 

Lagebericht 2014 9,513

 

10,290

 

12,049

 

8,955

thereof women

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 46.0

 

Lagebericht 2014 50.5

 

49.2

 

46.2

 

41.6

Overall turnover rate

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 20.3

 

Lagebericht 2014 20.8

 

18.4

 

 

Staff turnover rate17

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 12.3

 

Lagebericht 2014 12.1

 

10.7

 

10.0

 

9.4

Average length of service

years

 

9.2

 

9.1

 

9.1

 

8.4

 

8.9

Retired employees receiving pensions from Linde

 

 

25,566

 

28,722

 

29,116

 

30,941

 

31,006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diversity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Staff up to 30 years old

%

 

16.1

 

17.1

 

17.5

 

18.4

 

18.2

Staff between 31 and 50 years old

%

 

58.1

 

57.9

 

58.3

 

57.5

 

58.0

Staff over 50 years old

%

 

25.8

 

25.0

 

24.2

 

24.1

 

23.8

Nationalities of employees in Germany

 

 

65

 

67

 

64

 

65

 

65

Non-German nationalities among senior managers

%

 

67.8

 

67.5

 

67.3

 

71.0

 

72.9

Proportion of female employees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in total workforce

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 32.5

 

Lagebericht 2014 32.5

 

30.7

 

28.7

 

27.3

in Germany

%

 

23.5

 

23.8

 

25.4

 

25.4

 

25.9

in senior management positions

%

 

15.2

 

16.2

 

14.5

 

13.9

 

13.2

in the Executive Board

%

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

0

in the Supervisory Board

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 25.0

 

Lagebericht 2014 25.0

 

25.0

 

16.6

 

16.6

Severely disabled employees (Germany)

%

 

3.6

 

3.4

 

3.6

 

3.4

 

3.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employee training

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2017

 

2016

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

Employees who attended training opportunities 

%

 

Lagebericht 2014 40.6

 

Lagebericht 2014 38.2

 

61.0

 

66.2

 

60.3

Average training days per participant

 

 

Lagebericht 2014 4.3

 

Lagebericht 2014 3.7

 

2.9

 

3.1

 

3.0

Average expenditure on training programmes per participant

 

Lagebericht 2014 328

 

Lagebericht 2014 372

 

369

 

350

 

341

Apprentices and trainees in total workforce

%

 

1.0

 

0.8

 

0.9

 

0.9

 

0.9

Apprentices and trainees in Germany

%

 

3.7

 

3.4

 

3.0

 

3.2

 

3.1